Landmarks

Plaza Libertad

Plaza Libertad

Plaza Libertad, formerly known as Plaza Alfonso XII, is considered a historic urban park in Iloilo City. It is where the flag of the first Philippine Republic was raised in victory over the Spaniards through the revolutionary forces led by Gen. Martin Delgado on Christmas day, December 25, 1898. After Spain surrendered Iloilo, the city is the last Spanish capital in the Philippines. It ended the 333-hundred-year-old Spanish colonization of the Philippines. 

Photo from: DailyGuardian
Plaza Libertad is located in front of Iloilo City Hall in Iloilo City Proper. It is one of the six district plazas in Iloilo City. The plaza has been declared a heritage site under Republic Act 10555 or “An Act Declaring the Jaro Cathedral, Molo Church, the Iloilo City Central Business District, Fort San Pedro, Jaro Plaza Complex, Molo Plaza Complex, and Plaza Libertad Complex, all located in the City of Iloilo, as Cultural Heritage Tourism Zone.” This was authored by now City Mayor Treñas, then-Congressman of Lone District of Iloilo City.  Plaza Libertad was formerly named after Plaza Alfonso Xan who was a king of Spain. It was constructed in the 1800s and is now labeled as one of the oldest plazas in the Philippines. It was surrounded by most of the government offices in Iloilo. It was later renamed to Plaza Libertad to reflect the event that happened on the plaza.  On November 17, 2003, the plaza was also declared by National Historical Institute as a national historical landmark. The plaza has been a witness to several important events both for Iloilo and the country such as the first site of the Dinagyang celebration in 1968 in honor of the arrival of the replica of Sto. Nino from Cebu. The historic Plaza Libertad was again rehabilitated after Iloilo City Government held a groundbreaking for its redevelopment last February 4, 2021. The ceremonial laying of the time capsule on Plaza Libertad grounds fronting Iloilo City Hall was led by Mayor Jerry P. Treñas. Vice Mayor Jeffrey Ganzon and Iloilo City Councilors were also present during the event. The rehabilitation of the plaza started with a cost of 19 million Philippine pesos as funded by the national government through the Tourism Infrastructure and Enterprise Zone Authority (TIEZA) of the Department of Tourism. The project includes the trimming of trees, landscaping, improvement of facilities, and lighting, among others. The Plaza Libertad re-development is funded under the Local Government Support Fund-Assistance to the Cities 2019 as said by Architect Regina Gregorio. Phase 1 of the project which covers 4,000 square meters of the plaza costs P19,668,343.00. It includes the drainage system, assembly area fronting City Hall, and the four pathways converging at the Rizal monument. Phase 2 will include a water feature, a children’s playground, and restoration of the heritage architectural ornaments. The Plaza Libertad has undergone several renovations since its construction in the 1800s. But the City Government vowed that this time it will be different, thus a ‘new’ Plaza Libertad will emerge after several months of construction. The latest project will be memorable and historical because, despite the pandemic, the landmark redevelopment will be a symbol of hope, the rebuilding of lives, and of moving forward as Ilonggos.  According to Vice Mayor Jeffrey Ganzon, it will serve as a reminder of how much our city has accomplished and will continue to accomplish in the years to come. Plaza Libertad is a must-visit place for tourists to feel the vibe of the old Iloilo City.

Plaza Libertad Zamora St, Iloilo City Proper, Iloilo City, 5000 Iloilo

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